Keywords: The clover types: meadow, lupine, creeping, Field; the chemical composition, an application features
In the wild flora of Ural grow 11 species of clover, are used in folk medicine: red clover, lupine, creeping, field.
Red clover, a. Red (Trifolium pratense L.). In the experiment, drugs clover meadow (the amount of flavonoids) help reduce blood cholesterol levels, normalize lipid metabolism, have a strengthening effect on the walls of blood vessels, capillaries, contribute to their flexibility and reduce the permeability, protect cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. It was found that the drugs reduce intracranial and blood pressure, and the dizziness disappeared, improved hearing, there is a reduction of noise in the ears.
Lupine clover (Trifolium lupinaster L.). The chemical composition are organic acids, tannins, carotenoids, ascorbic acid. Used in folk medicine as an anti-sclerotic, antiscorbutic, prescribed for headaches, shortness of breath.
White clover (Trifolium repens L.). In the aerial part found glycosides, flavonoid and tannin, essential oil, ascorbic acid, carotene, and others. In folk medicine, the inflorescence is used as an effective expectorant, diaphoretic for colds, bronchitis, headache, hypertension.
Field Clover (Trifolium arvense L.). Use grass (stems, leaves, flower heads) the plants in the flowering stage. Grass field clover has astringent, analgesic, antiseptic, diuretic. Used in folk medicine for diseases of the kidneys and bladder, diabetes, colds, nervousness, bronchitis.
In Germany, the use for diabetes, gout, as a germicide for dysentery, diarrhea, disorders of the bladder and kidneys.