Keywords: A viola tricolor, the morphological characteristics, the chemical composition, crude drugs, medicinal properties
Fialka trehtsvetnaya (Viola tricolor L.). In ancient Greece, Viola tricolor was the emblem of Athens, in Roman mythology it is referred to as the "flower of Jupiter." Currently, she is appreciated not only for their decorative features, but also medicinal properties. The violet contains flavonoids: rutin, vitexin, arientin. The flowers are present anthocyanin glycosides: violanin, s-glycoside, delphinidin, s-glycoside peonidina. In the grass are: essential oils, consisting mainly of methyl salicylate; carotenoids, β-carotene (40 mg%), and saponins, anthocyanin, flavonoids, mucous polysaccharides, tannins, and ascorbic acid.
Use the upper part of the flowering shoots, collected in the flowering stage at a height of 5-10 cm. In Russia, Viola tricolor was prescribed for the treatment of rickets, rheumatism, gout. Currently, violet applies to effective medicinal plants, used in official and folk medicine, both independently and as part of emollient, expectorant and diuretic fees. Drugs, mainly in the form of infusion of herbs have anti-inflammatory, expectorant, emollient, diuretic properties. Their appointed interior with upper respiratory tract, bronchitis, whooping cough to enhance secretion in the bronchi and sputum. In folk medicine used for cough; as a diuretic; decoction is drunk as a laxative for constipation. Viola tricolor has long been considered a good sredstvompri skin diseases (especially in children); topically used for washing and bathing with dermatitis, diathesis, atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis and others.